1. El Shaddai -- the Almighty God, meaning the God of more than enough. (Gen 17:1)
2. Elohim -- the plural form of God (the Trinity in unity acting as one. (Gen 1:1)
3. El Elyon -- the most high God. (Gen 14:18-20)
4. El Olam -- the everlasting God. (Gen 21:33)
5. Adonai -- LORD master or ruler of all. (Gen 15:1-2)
6. Jehovah -- the personal name of God in his relationship as redeemer . (Ex 6:2-3)
Throughout the Old Testament, the name “Jehovah” appears 5,321 times. Jehovah is used for the LORD God. The actual Hebrew form of the word Jehovah was YHWH with no vowels in it (the Hebrew alphabet does not have vowels) YHWH was probably pronounced “Yahweh.”
YHWY was THE divine name for Jehovah. The Israelite did not even dare pronounce, so they used the word “Adonai” (LORD) instead. By using the word “Adonai,” the Israelite avoided the risk of blasphemy by improperly pronouncing God’s divine name.
Since Jehovah is the covenant name of God, expressing a personal relationship, it was natural that His name would be compounded with other terms to identify and make specific those relationships. Let’s look at the nine compound names of Jehovah – LORD. In these names, you will see that God is simply revealing His nature, His character, and His relationship to His people.
- Jehovah Elohim – The Lord God of Israel – the Creator of the heavens and the earth….in other words – all of the universes. (Gen. 1:1)
- Jehovah Jireh -- the Lord our Provider. (Gen 22:14) - He reveals Himself as our provider – of all our needs. According to His riches in glory.
- Jehovah Rapha -- the Lord our Healer (Ex 15:26)
- Jehovah Nissi -- the Lord our Banner (Ex 17:15)
- Jehovah Shalom -- the Lord our Peace (Jud 6:24)
- Jehovah Raah -- the Lord our Shepherd (Psm 23:1)
- Jehovah Tsidkenu -- the Lord our Righteousness (Jer 23:6)
- Jehovah Sabaoth -- the King of Glory (Psm 24:7-8)
- Jehovah Shammah -- the Lord is there or present (Ez 48:35)
In the New Testament, God is primarily referred to as “Heavenly Father.” He no longer claims to have one family in the Jewish people. His desire is to have many sons and daughters, as many as who will accept Him through His Son, Jesus.